Category “Photography & Travel”

A guide to unique animals in Nigeria

Nigeria is home to many different ecosystems. Within its borders, you can find savannas, swamps, deserts, mountains, and forests. With a portfolio like this, it should be of no surprise the kind of diverse wildlife that lies hidden in Nigeria’s nooks and crannies. There are over 40,000 species of animals scattered around the country, and this article will intimate you with a few of them.

Unique animals in Nigeria

Nigeria is a land unique in many ways. Even the wildlife in the country boast of being different from the animals in other parts of the world. A few of them can’t be found anywhere else outside the Nigerian border.

Below we listed a few of them:

Nigerian Klipspringer

Photo credit: Wikipedia

These antelope-like animals can be found in Jos Plateau. These are West Africa’s only population of klipspringers. They are adorable creatures that look like they were pulled from Disney’s Bambi.

Fox’s Shaggy Rat

Photo credit: Wikipedia

This rodent species belongs to the family Muridae. They can only be found in Nigeria. These brown-furred creatures can be found in plantations, swamplands, moist savannahs, and flooded grasslands.

Niger Delta Red Colobus

Photo credit: Rainforest Trust

These monkeys are indeed a sight to behold if you are lucky enough to see one. However, their bright red fur is their most captivating feature. The red fur takes a more significant portion of their back down to their limbs. Other parts of their fur are colored either white or black.

They are known to travel in groups of 15-80 and mostly on forest vegetation. They spend a large portion of their time traveling and avoiding the crowned eagle- its most feared predator.

Sclater’s Monkey

Photo credit: YoubaNet

The Sclater monkey is an arboreal and diurnal primate endemic to Southern Nigeria. Like all guenons, Sclater’s guenon has beautifully colored fur. However, their furs are a mix of grey and white. These monkeys were thought to be endangered at some point, but several populations were rediscovered in Niger and Cross River.

Their population is protected by groups who believe the monkey is sacred. Another population can be found in captivity at the Centre for Education, Rehabilitation, and Conservation of Primates and Nature in Cross River State, Nigeria.

Kaduna Acraea

Cheers to the first insect on our list. The Kaduna Acraea is a butterfly that belongs to the Nymphalidae family. These butterflies are found in flood plains and swamps around Zaria and Kaduna.

Nigeria Euptera

Photo credit: Wikiwand

This is another class of butterflies found in Nigeria. You may have seen them before with their black and yellow spotted wings.

Jos Plateau Indigo Bird

Photo credit: DiBird

The Jos Plateau Indigo birds are endemic to Nigeria. However, you’ll find their eggs in the nest of the rock firefinch, another animal restricted to Nigeria’s borders. Their reason for doing this is because they cannot incubate their eggs themselves. Therefore, to avoid suspicion from the host bird, they take away the eggs from the nest they dropped their eggs in. They breed all around the year but mainly during the cold harmattan season.

Anambra Waxbill

Photo credit: Steemit

The Anambra Waxbill is a small bird of beautiful colors that can only be found in Nigeria. These birds usually group themselves in small flocks of 20 and feed off seeds and grasses. A typical Anambra waxbill is a dun-colored finch with a reddish beak and rump. Lagoons, swamps, marshlands, and forests are good places to find these birds. Unlike other waxbill counterparts, the Anambra waxbill has pale eyes.

Ibadan Malimbe

The Ibadan Malimbe is a rare bird endemic to Western Nigeria, and unfortunately, it is not well known. The Malimbe is a small black bird with red feathers covering its head and chest. Female Malimbes have fewer red coverings compared to their male counterparts. You can find them in small groups foraging for food. Sometimes they feed alongside their cousins – the redhead Malimbe.

Perret’s Toad

Photo credit: Species Conservation

This toad is endemic to Idanre Hills in Ondo state. Initially, it was believed that the toad would be spotted in areas similar to the hills, but surveys have failed to prove this thought. Unfortunately, they are listed as critically endangered species because of the decline in the quality of their habitat.

Gotel Mountain Soft-furred Mouse

Photo credit: Living Things

The Gotel Mountain mouse, also called Gotel Mountain Praomys, belongs to the rodent species Muridae. These mice are endemic to the Gotel mountains in Southeastern Nigeria. You can typically find them in forests; gallery forests, swamp forests, and fern-grasslands.

Unfortunately, these soft-furred creatures are threatened with habitat loss mainly caused by deforestation. These forests have suffered severe logging cases, or they have been converted for agricultural use by humans.

Most Endangered Animals in Nigeria

Animals across the globe are fast becoming endangered. Animals in Nigeria are not exempt from this. We must protect these animals in the best way we can while the government and reserves do their best to prevent these creatures from going extinct.

Below we listed a few endangered animals in Nigeria:

Dama Gazelle

Photo credit: Wikipedia

The Dama gazelle is white with a brown head and neck. They have long S-shaped horns; the males usually have longer horns than the females. These animals cannot adapt to heat; hence many of them die off from overheating during droughts. In addition, their diet is dominated by vegetation; this is another reason why they cannot adapt to droughts. Humans have also contributed to their reduced numbers because they are hunted for meat. These gazelles are amongst the largest of their kind; they easily evade danger by using their strong legs to prance away.

West African Lion

Photo credit: Wikipedia

The West African and South African lions share similar traits. However, the most distinguishing feature between the two is that West African lions are smaller and have no manes. These lions have become endangered due to habitat loss for the sake of Agriculture. Many of them can be found in captivity, and they are said to thrive well in captivity.

Pygmy Hippopotamus

Photo credit: San Diego Zoo

Pygmy hippos are endangered mainly because of habitat loss. Habitat loss occurs from deforestation in the form of mining, logging, and poaching. So naturally, these creatures should be rarely seen and heard from. However, they are closer to humans than ever, which has contributed to their numbers’ decline.

Northwestern African Cheetahs

These cheetahs have a different look from the rest of their feline counterparts. Their fur is almost white in appearance, and the upper half of their body is littered with black spots. The spots fade off to brown as they approach the lower half of its body. They have no spots on their face but black “teardrops.”

These cheetahs prey on the gazelle, antelope, and addax. They developed nocturnal traits to survive the hot climate of Nigeria’s savanna. Unfortunately, they are critically endangered.

Western Gorilla

Photo credit: World Wild Life

Of all gorilla subspecies, the Western Gorilla is the most popular. They are found all over Central Africa, Gabon, Congo, and Nigeria. It is easy to differentiate them from other gorillas because they are slightly smaller. They also have broader skulls and smaller ears.

Over the past 20-25 years, these gorillas have declined in number significantly. This is due to poaching and disease.

Nigerian-Cameroon Chimpanzee

Photo credit: Wikipedia

As the name already indicates, the Nigerian-Cameroon Chimpanzee is native to Cameroon and Nigeria. These primate subspecies can weigh about 154 pounds and reach a height of 5.2 feet. Unfortunately, due to human activity, these creatures have become critically endangered. However, they can still be found in a few forests Oluwa Forest Reserve and Idanre Forest Reserve.

Where to Find Wild Animals in Nigeria

If you are ever in Nigeria and want to get a taste of the wildlife but have no idea where to visit, try some of the locations listed below:

  • Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary- Gorillas Hubspot
  • Okomu National Park- The best place to see forest elephants
  • Yankari National Park- Top spot to see Savanna elephants
  • Nyaki Forest Reserve- You can catch a glimpse of the Nigerian-Cameroon chimpanzees here.
  • Kainji Lake National Park- An excellent spot to check for leopards which are coming harder to find in Nigeria


It’s amazing what you can find in the crevices of Nigeria’s mountains and savannas. Some of these animals are so rare they can’t be found anywhere else. So who wouldn’t want to rush down there to get a glimpse of these magnificent creatures up close? Unfortunately, wildlife in Nigeria is under threat. As the day progresses, more animals are at risk of becoming endangered due to habitat loss. Therefore, we are encouraged to be mindful of how we interact with the environment and how it affects the wildlife near us. Since the reduced quality of their habitat is caused by farming, mining, deforestation, and other forms of human activities.

Check out 13 famous buildings in Africa.

Popular tourist destinations in east Africa

Africa is most known for its tourist attractions and natural expositions; wildlife, landforms, and other geographical as well as the continent’s historical sites and diverse cultures. South Africa is the most visited African country by tourists, which is best known for the wildlife conservation centres situated there alongside other attractions. Although, the South Africa tourist industry is one of the top beneficiaries from African tourism, other parts of the continents also still earn well from the industry as they have major tourist attractions.

The eastern part of Africa also plays roles in the development of the African tourism industry. Eastern Africa constitutes over 20 territories/ countries. It has many tourist centres and point of attractions. East African countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda are all major contributors to the worth of the African tourism industry. Tourism contributes over 10 percent to Kenya’s GDP; Tourism is the nation’s second revenue source after agriculture. This depicts that they have attractive tourist centres while Tanzania is the biggest player in the industry earning over USD 2 billion a year. Rwanda and Uganda are not isolated too; Rwanda and Ugandan tourist centres are worth USD 317 million and USD 1.1 billion respectively.

After a completed survey in 2015, Uganda recorded the highest number of tourist visitors, 1,303,00, while Kenya followed with 1,114,100 tourists also and Tanzania and Rwanda with 1,104,00 and 987,000 respectively. These are impressive numbers, and some of these are yet to fully actualise their tourism industries probably because they have other major sources of revenue. What are these attractive sites that attract tourists to these parts of the continent? There are many points of interests in these countries, but the popular ones are the main perpetrators in attracting tourists.

Popular tourist destinations in East Africa:

The Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya

This wildlife conservation centre is situated in Kenya and is recognised as one of Africa’s safari destination. The diversity in wildlife is a major pointer in this tourist centre. This reserve is one of the major contributors to the country’s GDP.

Tourist savour watching herds cross Mara river and the cultural exhibition of the Maasai resident is another major highlight of this reserve. The big five; the African lion, leopard, elephant, cape buffalo and rhino, could be both seen in a day especially in the dry seasons when there is a major migration occurrence of the wild beasts.

Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda

Located within the Virunga Mountains, in the deep vegetation region of Rwanda lies the Volcanoes National Park. It is the oldest national park in Africa and is most famous because of the critically endangered mountain gorillas situated in the park. These gorillas are subspecies of wider ranges of Eastern gorillas; there still exist over 800 of these creatures.

Other creatures of rare species can also be found in the park as well as 29 different species of bird.

Zanzibar, Tanzania

This tourist centre which is located off coast region of Tanzania is most known for its beaches. It is surrounded by the azure waters of the Indian Ocean. This was once a trade route for the island Arab rulers that trade spices.
Stone Town is also one of its biggest side attractions boasting ornate houses, mosques and ancient Sultan palaces. The white-sand beaches are ideal for scuba diving and snorkelling.

Kibale National Park, Uganda

This is also another park, conserving evergreen rain forest. It is popularly known for the different primate species that live in the park; monkeys, chimpanzees’ etc. The Kibale forest has the highest abundance of primates.

With over 200 species of trees in the park, there are rainforest plants that thrive in the park that serve as food to these primates too. Trees including pollia condensata, Cordia millenii and so more. It’s a conservation centre for wildlife and plants.


East Africa still has a lot of tourist points of interests which are yet to get prominence and popularity as these, that’s because the tourism industry is still undergoing development. It is expected that some of these East-African countries would fully depend on their cultural and natural heritages as revenue soon.

Some selected readings

Mungai, E. (2017, June 1.) Lesson for East Africa: In tourism, the race is not to the swift. Retrieved January 21, 2018, from the Web

African Development Bank. (2016, January 1.) Africa Tourism Monitor 2015: Tourism in Africa is on the rise, but has not yet reached its full potential. Retrieved January 21, 2018, from the Web

Zijlma, A. (2017, July 17.) A Top Ten List of East Africa’s Best Travel Destinations. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Photography and tourism in Africa

Africa is the second largest continent in the world with a population of approximately 1.216 billion. In this population, exists people of different tribes, cultural values and beliefs. This diversity in culture makes Africa a good tourist centre for foreigners and tourists. Photography is also an intrinsic quality in the African culture. Photography helps Africans to tell their stories without misconceptions.

Tourism is an important economic sector for most African countries. Although, some African countries benefit more from it than others due to their eye-catching points of interest. Tourists have always been intrigued with the African culture; the people, their beliefs, their mythologies, and everything that encompasses of the African culture.

African tourism is based on a variety of point of interests: diversity, landscapes and landforms, wildlife, as well as her rich cultural heritage. These variations in interest points have made some African countries to be better tourist centres over others.

Africa is divided in three groups in relation to tourism namely:

Countries with developed tourist Industry: These are African countries that do have a successful tourism industry already, such as Egypt, South Africa, Morocco and Tunisia. They are the top benefactors from tourism in Africa.

Countries with developing tourism Industry: These African countries are still undergoing current development in their respective tourism industries. They have steady and consistent revenues from tourism, such as Kenya, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mauritius.

Countries yet to develop a tourism Industry: These African countries are anticipating to have a tourism industry and want to gain from it. They are yet to gain any economic value from tourism because they don’t have a functioning industry that facilitates tourism. These are countries like Tanzania, Algeria and Burundi.

South Africa is one of the most visited African countries by tourists. The wildlife conservation centre; Safari, is one of the country’s major point of interest. The variation of wildlife such as Elephants, Lions, Leopards, Monkeys and other wildlife has been a significant influence in the country’s tourism industry tourists. In 2016, the nation recorded 3.9 percent increase in international arrivals in Cape Town alone. In 2017, the nation’s travel and tourism have contributed to its economic factor and GDP growth by a staggering 2.5 percent –That is USD 27.3 billion which is equivalent to R402.2 billion and South Africa is just a one case scenario amidst other major touristic countries.

Photography also facilitates the tourism industry in Africa and has been used as a tool for democracy, freedom and equality and cultural expression. It gives tourists of what is to be expected when they visit tourist centres. In early South Africa, photography played a significant role in many countries cultural movement in the form of artistic expression. Photography tells stories about these African countries and their cultures; people, food, attires, traditions, etc. in pictures. Their point of interest is also expressed through photography, landscapes, wildlife, past heroes and heroines, religious beliefs and historical events.

These photographs or artistic drawings are hoisted up in museums in Africa and even in foreign countries. They tell about events that have occurred and the diversity in the African culture. These photographs play good roles in convincing tourists to visit the respective African countries and see the point of interest themselves. Another important point is, these photographs can be shared as free stock photos of Africa, and can be explore by other people to have an insight about the continent.

The tourism and photography industry in Africa has contributed immensely to the economic development of the continent; jobs are being created for the locals to maintain these tourist centres and revenues are being generated when tourists visit. Photography and Tourism go hand in hand. They both facilitate the growth of each other.

Some selected readings

Peffer, J., and Cameron E. (2013.) Portraiture and photography in Africa. Retrieved January 10, 2018, from the Web

UNWTO. (2017, July.) UNWTO Tourism Highlights: 2017 Edition. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Coustas, W. (2017, September 6.) South African Tourism Facts – Proof that the World loves South Africa. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Tutu, D. (2011, April 3.) Photography and the Liberation Struggle in South Africa History. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Rogerson, C. (2007) “Reviewing Africa in the global tourism economy”, Vol. 24 No. 3 United Nations World Tourism Organization. September 2007.

 The African beauty and fashion industry

The African beauty and fashion industry express African ethnic traditions and cultural heritage through adornment and ornamentation. Fashion is a significant part of the African culture; it shows how diverse Africans are through adornments, local jewellery, and traditional attires.

The most scintillating and impressive trends in African beauty comes from a variety of African tribes; the combination of different tribes in just one attire. Africa accounts for a small percentage of the global fashion industry worth USD 1.5 trillion along with the sub-Saharan apparel and footwear market which is worth USD 31 billion. Europe is the main dominator of the global world fashion industry.

Africa still remains important today because its fashion industry stays true to its various cultural heritages. Although, today, African fashion industry is being influenced by the western culture. Africa’s fashion and beauty industry goes way beyond its culture and pattern designs and ornaments, it is also a tool for driving the continent’s future and providing solutions which target issues like youth unemployment and slow economic growth of certain African countries.

Nowadays, Africa’s fashion has gained a lot of attention from the other part of the world and some of Africa’s fashion ideas are being incorporated into their respective fashion industries. A new generation of African designers with wider Diaspora has risen over the last decade and have contributed immensely to the development of the continent’s fashion industry. They are fusing the African culture with the European culture together and in the process are attracting a wider wave of global interest into the fashion industry.

In the next five years, the African industry is expected to be worth USD 15.5 billion as the continent’s economies grow. In light of this, local and foreign investors have seized the opportunity to invest as they have seen the blooming potential of the industry.

Recently, the media has also played a major role in this recognition of this industry by broadcasting the continent’s local fashion shows, exhibitions and other television shows and media outlet that expresses the African fashion industry. Most African designers also feature in international fashion shows, exhibitions, and other fashion functions. Some of these designers have even been selected to participate at the Africa Fashion Week, New York and the success of these designers on the international platform have promoted the recognition and credibility of the African fashion industry.

Africa’s population is also a driving factor in the development of the continent’s fashion industry. The United Nations have estimated the continent’s population to rise to 4 billion by 2100 in relation to the current natality rate. This means a larger market for the industry; who better to patronize the continent’s fashion industry than its own indigenes? Also, job opportunities emerge for these designers to meet the large market demands. With these facts, Investors, both local and foreign have seized on this opportunity to leverage on.

Africa is also noted as the continent with the youngest population. Approximately 200 million of the continent’s populace is within the youth bracket, between ages (15- 24). This means that the fashion industry comprises of modern day youths that are current on the latest fashion trends; they have younger minds and better fashion ideas that are not obsolete. These youths also promote the brand through social media platforms and wear them to different occasion bringing recognition as well. The fact that the youth play a major role in the continent’s fashion industry is a major point of interest for investors because they’ll have a larger shell life for creativity than the older aged designers and fashion influencers.

The African fashion industry is rising fast among the ranks of the global fashion industry. Investors know that the continent’s maximum potential is yet to be materialized and with the current rate of development, it’s only a matter of time before the industry becomes a threat to the European Fashion Industry.

Check out this article about photography and tourism in Africa.

Some selected readings

Brown, A. (n.d.) Africa’s Fashion Industry: Challenges, Opportunities. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Jennings, H. (2015, April.) A brief history of African Fashion. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Saka, H. (2012, May 29.) African Beauty, Threatened By Western Civilization. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Aderibigbe, N. (2014, September 8.) Why the world should invest in African Fashion. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from the Web

Useful tips for exploring photography in a tour of Africa

Planning to tour Africa for some mind-blowing shots? If yes, you can be sure of having a swell time with your digital camera. That said, there are quite a few things you’ll want to keep in mind before you start clicking away. For starters, Africa boasts unique scenes, and its people are no different; however, it’s ill-advised to begin taking shots without asking for permission. As we know, it can be super rude to start pointing a camera at anyone you see — it can even cause an offence in some countries. The bottom line; always ask for permission before you snap locals — this is crucial.

It’s good to point out that African children love to smile at the camera. That said, you can be sure of capturing a few shots and have fun while you’re at it. It’s also great to show them the pictures in your camera — doing this can create a better connection, and that’s huge.

Now, it’s also in your best interest to keep your camera in your bag when you’re around any military area, airport, border crossings and ports — these are no click zones! What’s more, be sure not to take photos of bridges, harbours, military installations, army personnel and more. The thing is, there’s a good chance of getting arrested when you take shots in these places, and the worst part is, you may lose your dear camera in the process.

What should you pack for the trip?

For starters, there’s a good chance that you’re already with a digital camera and that’s great. Now, it’s in your best interest to have a spare memory card as well as a fully charged extra battery — you wouldn’t want to run out of space or juice while taking shots, right?

What’s more, you’ll want to bring a polarising filter along as it can work with the bright African sunlight to increase the saturation of vegetation and more. It’s also recommended to have some sort of dust protection for your equipment as some places can be really dusty. This is especially true if you’re travelling to remote areas and national parks.

What about wildlife photography

Your tourism in Africa won’t be complete without exploring its wildlife. Essentially, early mornings and late afternoons are the best tunes to get the perfect glimpse of wildlife activity. As you probably guessed, these are the best times to start taking shots — the light is soft, and you’ll also get a better definition of the animal against its background.

Note: The weather in Africa is usually hot, and animals’ activity is typically low during the hottest parts of the day.

Two things come into play when exploring Africa wildlife; you’re either in a vehicle or on a walking safari. First off, you should be aware that a tripod will be impractical in a vehicle — it’s better to use a cloth bag filled with uncooked rice to get the job done. On a walking safari? If yes, be sure to get a monopod with a detachable camera shoe — this should help you get super perfect wildlife shots.

It’s also essential to note that most if not all the animals will be at a distance, as such, you’ll want to get a zoom lens. Just be sure to do your homework before buying the lens — 300 to 500mm should work great.

To sum it up, wildlife in Africa can scare easily, so it’s in your best interest to limit the use of flashes at night. The good thing is, there are quite a few useful techniques you can use to capture beautiful shots at night. What’s more, it’s great to turn off all noises on your camera while taking shots of animals in the wild, remember, scaring them off is not part of the plan!

Happy touring! Also don’t miss this article about photography and tourism in Africa.

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